Anopheles gambiae - Tiassalé

Colony Name

Tiassalé 13


Anopheles gambiae s.l.

Country of Origin

Tiassalé, Côte d'Ivoire

Liverpool Colony established (year)



Phenotypic characteristics

Resistance to all classes of public health insecticides

Source of colonisation


Originally colonised at the Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques in Côte d’Ivoire by Edi Constant

Selection Procedure


Adults selected with 1hour exposure to 0.05% deltamethrin.


Genotypic characteristics

Fixed for Kdr 995F (1)                        

 Ace-1 (0.15)       

Elevated CYP6M2, CYP6P3, CYP6P4, CYP6Z1.

PBO permethrin synergism: Significant (P < 0.001) increase in mortality (from 56% to 85%)

Profiling Data

24 hour % mortality after 1hour exposure to Discriminating Dose